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  • Tacheng Golden Monkey National Park

  • Area: Weixi Scenic Spots
  • Location: Tacheng Weixi,YunNan
  •  As a national park integrating primitive ecology, Neolithic sites, religious pilgrimage place, paradise of black snub-nosed monkey and multi-national style, the scenic area is particularly distinguished with the religious culture and temple scenic sports such as the dense forest, valuable and rare animals and Patriarch Bodhidharma's Cave as well as “Re Ba” of Tibetans and customs of Lisu Nationality. Samage Nature Reserve has hundreds of black snub-nosed monkeys, a national Grade I protection animal

About Black Snub-nosed Monkey from www.chinaculture.org

With the aliases of Black Golden Monkey, Black Snub-nosed Monkey and Snow Monkey, it belongs to the Cercopithecidae family of Pimates order. Its scientific name is Rhinopithecus bieti (Latin), or Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey, or Black Snub-nosed Monkey (English).

The vertices has pointed black crest. The periphery of the eyes and mouth-nasal part are steel gray or cuticolor, with dark blue nose. The hair color is comparatively monotonous, with the back, body sides, and outer sides of four limbs and tail all in brownish gray or grayish black. Its hair length is up to 23 centimeters. The larynx, neck, inner sides of upper limbs, and hips are white, the chest is milky white and the belly is saffron yellow. The shoulder of male monkey has deep gray-black long hair drooping like coir raincoat. The hip, with obvious spots, has white long hair. The tail hair is long and fluffy. The hair colors of male and female are similar, but the female is comparatively smaller than the male with hair comparatively shorter.

It is distributed in areas of the highest elevation among all kinds of Chinese primates, inhabiting in mixed broadleaf-conifer forests at an elevation of 3,500 to 4,000 meters. In the daytime, it moves about in groups, and rests at noon when the air temperature is high. It mainly feeds on leaves of fir and spruce, flower bracts, as well as pinecones, etc. In summer it likes to eat bamboo shoots and delicate bamboo leaves, sometimes birchen sprouts. Fond of living in groups, it has the habit of vertical migration. In winter it gets down to the places at lower elevation for moving about. Oestrus occurs from June to December every year, and littering is from January to June. Gestation period is about 189 to 198 days, with one baby per fetus.

Found in northwestern Yunnan Province, southwestern Tibet Autonomous Region, it is a species endemic to China, with a narrow distribution. Each natural population is distributed in island shape, isolated from one another. In comparatively concentrated distribution areas, such as Baima Snow Mountain, Haba Snow Mountain and Yanjing, natural protection areas have been established. The stock on hand is estimated to be 1,000 to 1,500.

Black Snub-nosed Monkey from Wikipedia

The Black Snub-nosed Monkey (Rhinopithecus bieti), also known as the Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey, is an endangered species of primate in the Cercopithecidae family. It is endemic to China,[1] where it is known to the locals as the Yunnan Golden Hair Monkey (滇金丝猴) and the Black Golden Hair Monkey (黑金丝猴). It is threatened by habitat loss.

The Black Snub-nosed Monkey is a large, stocky and well-furred primate belonging to the leaf-monkey Colobinae subfamily. Despite its morphological distinctiveness and noteworthy biology this is one of the lesser known primate species. In recent years, however, knowledge about the behavior and ecology of the Black Snub-nosed Monkey has grown. Lack of information is mainly a result of difficult research conditions due to the monkey's semi-nomadic lifestyle, elusive nature and inhospitable habitat with extremely steep hillsides, impenetrable bamboo thickets, freezing winter climate with snow as well as damp and foggy summers with minimum visibility.

This species has a highly restricted distribution in the biodiversity hotspot of the Hengduan Mountains which borders the Himalaya range. The actual distribution range is limited to the Yun Ridge (云岭) portion of the Hengduan Mountains.Only 17 groups with a total population of less than 1,700 animals have survived in northwest Yunnan and neighboring regions in the Autonomous Prefecture of Tibet. Group size is small, typically only 20 to 60; groups of over 100 have never been observed. The territory of each group varies from 20 to 135 square km.
The Black Snub-nosed Monkey was almost completely unknown until the 1990s. The fact that no single zoo outside China has ever kept the Black Snub-nosed Monkey in captivity has contributed to the enigmatic status of this species. Several recent studies have come up with extraordinary discoveries regarding its natural history. The Black Snub-nosed Monkey lives in one of the most extreme environments of any nonhuman primate. Its habitat is either pure temperate coniferous forest or deciduous/evergreen broadleaf and coniferous forest.The highest recorded altitude of a group of this species is 4700 m.The Black Snub-nosed Monkey lives in very large super-groups which are made up of single-male core families or harems.

The monkey moves fast and far in a cohesive group and covers vast areas in search of lichens and other seasonally available food items. The reproduction cycles of black snob-nosed monkey is generally similar to that of Golden Snub-nosed Monkeys, except the time of birth is often two to three months later due to colder climate. The average size of adult male Black Snub-nosed Monkey is between 74 - 83 cm, excluding the tail, which averages 51 - 72 cm.Females are smaller than males.